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当前位置: 考研英语 > 考研阅读 > 2019考研英语阅读:一正三误的判断、推理和引申题
2019考研英语阅读:一正三误的判断、推理和引申题
来源:网络 | 2018-09-05 16:24:26
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  众所周知,阅读是考研英语中最重要的一个题型,四篇阅读理解占到了该科目总分的40%,因此才有了“得阅读者得天下”的说法。本文分享“2019考研英语阅读:一正三误的判断、推理和引申题”相关内容,一起来看看吧。
 
  一正三误
 
  一正三误题型要求考生找出四个选项中惟一正确的一个。检验答案时要注意这种题型最常采用的三种命题方式:正话反说、反话正说和关键词替换。
 
  1997年第64题:
 
  No company likes to be told it is contributing to the moral decline of nation. “Is this what you intended to accomplish with your careers?” Senator Robert Dole asked Time Warner executives last week. “You have sold your souls, but must you corrupt our nation and threaten our children as well?” At Time Warner, however, such questions are simply the latest manifestation of the soul-searching that has involved the company ever since the company was born in 1990. It’s a self-examination that has, at various times, involved issues of responsibility, creative freedom and the corporate bottom line.
 
  At the core of this debate is chairman Gerald Levin, 56, who took over for the late Steve Ross in 1992. On the financial front, Levin is under pressure to raise the stock price and reduce the company’s mountainous debt, which will increase to $17.3 billion after two new cable deals close. He has promised to sell off some of the property and restructure the company, but investors are waiting impatiently.
 
  The flap over rap is not making life any easier for him. Levin has consistently defended the company's rap music on the grounds of expression. In 1992, when Time Warner was under fire for releasing Ice-T’s violent rap song Cop Killer, Levin described rap as a lawful expression of street culture, which deserves an outlet. “The test of any democratic society,” he wrote in a Wall Street Journal column, “lies not in how well it can control expression but in whether it gives freedom of thought and expression the widest possible latitude, however disputable or irritating the results may sometimes be. We won’t retreat in the face of any threats.”
 
  Levin would not comment on the debate last week, but there were signs that the chairman was backing off his hard-line stand, at least to some extent. During the discussion of rock singing verses at last month's stockholders’ meeting, Levin asserted that “music is not the cause of society’s ills” and even cited his son, a teacher in the Bronx, New York, who uses rap to communicate with students. But he talked as well about the “balanced struggle” between creative freedom and social responsibility, and he announced that the company would launch a drive to develop standards for distribution and labeling of potentially objectionable music.
 
  The 15-member Time Warner board is generally supportive of Levin and his corporate strategy. But insiders say several of them have shown their concerns in this matter. “Some of us have known for many, many years that the freedoms under the First Amendment are not totally unlimited,” says Luce. “I think it is perhaps the case that some people associated with the company have only recently come to realize this.”
 
  The last sentence of the first paragraph most probably implies that.
 
  [A] Luce is a spokesman of Time Warner
 
  [B] Gerald Levin is liable to compromise
 
  [C] Time Warner is united as one in the face of the debate
 
  [D] Steve Ross is no longer alive
 
  第一段的最后一句暗示了什么?
 
  这是一个标准的三误一正的推理引申题。正确答案:D
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