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当前的位置: 考研英语 > 语法长难句 > 2019考研英语状语从句解析
2019考研英语状语从句解析
来源:网络 | 2018-09-06 11:17:28
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  一、定义
 
  在句子中做状语的从句叫做状语从句,修饰主句中的动词,形容词或副词等。
 
  二、宾语从句的分类
 
  状语从句一般分为时间、地点、原因、目的、结果、条件、让步、比较、方式。
 
  三、引导词
 
  1.时间状语从句
 
  引导词:when,while,as,as soon as,the moment,the minute,the second,the instant,no sooner...than,hardly/scarcely...when,immediately,directly,instantly,till,until,not...until,before,since...
 
  I was reading when he suddenly came in.
 
  他进来时,我正在读书。
 
  Can you water my plant while i am away?
 
  我不在的时候,能帮我浇花吗?
 
  He is listening music as he does his homework.
 
  他一边做作业一边听音乐。
 
  The moment I see him I fall in love with him.
 
  我一眼看见他就爱上他了。
 
  No sooner had we gone home than the taxi left.
 
  我们一到家,出租车就离开了。
 
  You may stay here till/until the rain stops.
 
  你要呆在这一直到雨停。
 
  Not until he left did she find that he is a very nice person.
 
  他离开后她才发现他是个不错的人。
 
  Please write it down before you forget it.
 
  在你忘记之前写下。
 
  It will be 2 years before he come back.
 
  还有2年,他就回来了。
 
  It is three years since we broke up.
 
  我们分手已经三年了。
 
  It is one years since we stay together.
 
  我们一起一年了。
 
  2. 地点状语从句
 
  引导词;where,wherever, anywhere,everywhere等等
 
  Where there is a will, there is a way.
 
  有志者,事竟成。
 
  Wherever there is smoke, there is a fire.
 
  无风不起浪。
 
  状语从句与定语从句的区别
 
  You’d better leave a mark where you want to pay emphasis on.(状语从句)
 
  You’d better leave a mark at the place where you want to pay emphasis on.(定语从句)
 
  3. 原因状语从句
 
  引导词;because,as,since,now that,seeing that,considering that
 
  I like the boy because he is cute.
 
  As it is raining, we shall not go outside.
 
  Now that/since you like him, you should tell him at once.
 
  4. 目的状语从句
 
  引导词:so that, in order that,for fear that,in case,lest
 
  I will wait for you so that you can follow me.
 
  Take your umbrella in case/lest it should rain.
 
  I wear the read dress so that you can find me at the first glance.
 
  5. 结果状语从句
 
  引导词; so that,so...that,such...that
 
  The young woman is so beautiful a gril that every one likes her.
 
  The young woman is such a beautiful girl that every one likes her.
 
  6. 条件状语从句
 
  引导词:if, unless,so long as,only if,supposing that,in case that,on condition that等
 
  I will marry him if he agrees.
 
  You will make it as long as you keep on trying.
 
  7. 方式状语从句
 
  引导词:as, as if, as though
 
  Do as your girlfriend tells you, or you’ll be sad.
 
  She treats that boy as if he were her man.
 
  8. 让步状语从句
 
  引导词有although,though,even though, even if,as 等
 
  She is unhappy although she is beautiful and rich.
 
  Even though/if it rains, i still go running.
 
  Child as she is, she knows a lot of history.
 
  Try as she might, she couldn’t win his heart.
 
  Whether you believe it or not, she still love him.
 
  Whatever you do, he won’t stay here for you.
 
  9. 比较状语从句
 
  引导词:as, than,the more...the more,more than,so much as
 
  She is as beautiful as her mother.
 
  The more you exercise, the more beautiful you are.
 
  The movie is as good as i have expected.
 
  同学们,这就是考研英语中经常考到的状语从句。可以分为时间、地点、目的、比较、方式、让步、原因、条件、让步等。希望通过老师的讲解,同学们对状语从句有更好的理解和把握。

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